Who Teens Blame for Bullying

Кого подростки обвиняют в издевательствах

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We Americans love our fast food. And a new study shows that a little thing like a nutrition label is not gonna stop us when we want a breakfast burrito.
In January 2009 King County, Washington imposed mandatory menu labeling on all restaurant chains in the region, which includes Seattle and its surrounds. Restaurants were asked to disclose nutrition information, including a calorie count, about every item on the menu.
Then, over the next year, researchers in conjunction with local public health officials monitored food purchases at the Taco Time chain of restaurants. And they found that nothing changed. The total number of sales and the average calories per order were the same, regardless of whether the restaurant labeled its menu. The study appears in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. [citation to come]
Now, it could be that Taco Time customers were already wise to the relative nutritiousness of their meals, because the restaurant was highlighting its healthier options with a little logo before the law took effect.
So maybe all we need is a happy, "healthy icon" to keep us from overdoing it. Because pointing out that a large order of cheddar fries has 700 calories was not food for thought.
—Karen Hopkin

Bullying has been making headlines lately, with the case of Tyler Clementi, the gay college student who committed suicide after falling victim to Internet harassment.
Издевательство в последнее время стало центральной темой прессы, после случая Тайлера Клементи, студента-гея. Он совершил самоубийство, став жертвой травли в интернете

And feds have declared bullying to be a national problem, organizing the “Bullying Prevention Summit” this past August.
И федеральные чиновники объявили издевательство национальной проблемой, организовав в августе (2010г.) "Саммит по борьбе с издевательством"

Well a recent Swedish study published in the journal Child & Youth Care Forum decided to look at how teens view tormenting behavior and specifically asking them to reveal who or what they think is the cause.
Так вот, в журнале "Форум заботы о детях и подростках"опубликовано последнее исследование шведских учёных. Они решили исследовать взгляды подростков на издевательства и спросили , кто или что является их причиной

They surveyed 176 15 and 16-year-old high school students.
Опросили 176 учащихся средней школы в возрасте 15-16 лет

And found that 69 percent attributed the cause of bullying to the actual bully, blaming his or her insecurity, low self-esteem, and need for control.
Обнаружилось, что 69% считают причиной издевательств неуверенность в себе, низкую самооценку и распущенность забияки, который издевается над другими

 But 42 percent blamed the victims, attributing the bullying to the fact that the victim deviates from the norm and is characterized as “different” or “odd.”
Но 42% возложили вину на его жертв, которые отклоняются от нормы и характеризуются словами "не как все" и "странные"

Interestingly, 21 percent attributed the bullying to their peer group and only seven percent attributed it to the school environment.
Интересно, что 21% посчитали причиной издевательств отношения в группе сверстников, и лишь 7% указали как причину общую обстановку в школе

Of course human perception can be misleading, and we do tend to shoot the messenger as it were, but the authors note that teens’ conception of bullying needs to be taken into account when setting up any anti-bullying campaign.
Конечно, люди могут ошибаться в своих оценках. Мы не собираемся убивать участников опроса, как гонца за плохую весть. Но всё же авторы исследования отмечают, что при разворачивании компании против издевательств нужно принять во внимание взгляды подростков на его причины

—Christie Nicholson


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